Lancaster Roofing protects the structure of your home from rain, snow, sunlight, and extremes of temperature. It adds value to your home and increases comfort inside.
Roof assembly considerations go well beyond code and warranty minimums. This guide will help designers weigh the pros and cons of various materials to create durable, safe, and secure roofs.
A roof covers the top of a building or other structure that protects against rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and temperature extremes. Roofing is the construction and installation of this covering. Many types of roofs exist, including flat roofs and those with sloping surfaces. Various materials can be used for roofing.
The type of roofing you choose depends on several factors, including the cost, weather conditions in your area, and how attractive you want your home to look. The most popular roofing materials include wood, clay tiles, metal, and asphalt shingles. These roofs are beautiful, add value to the home, and last long.
Other roofing materials include tar, gravel, built-up roofing (BUR), and thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO). The first two are made for flat or low-slope roofs. BUR consists of multiple layers of felt or fiberglass coated with tar or asphalt. These are then covered with gravel or small stones to provide a waterproof barrier. TPO is a single-ply membrane that can be installed on flat or low-slope roofs. It is energy efficient and reflects UV rays, lowering cooling costs.
Whether building a new home or replacing an old roof, choosing the right roofing materials is essential. Different options offer varying lifespans, each with pros and cons. A professional roofer will help you find the best material for your needs.
Asphalt shingles are the most popular choice for residential homes, and they’re available in multiple styles to complement any architectural design. 3-tab shingles are traditional and cost-effective, while premium and architectural shingles add visual interest to your home and can be more energy efficient. They’re also available in impact-rated versions that withstand severe weather and hailstorms.
Concrete tiles are another durable, aesthetically pleasing option. They have a textured surface that provides good insulation and can last over 50 years. However, they’re heavy and can stress the structure of your home. Additionally, concrete tiles are expensive and require special care to maintain.
Rolled roofing is another affordable option that consists of large rolls of asphalt-impregnated material topped with mineral granules. It’s typically used on low-slope residential roofs and outbuildings like sheds or garages, where appearance isn’t a priority. It’s also easy to install, as it can be nailed down or heat-welded in place.
For flat or low-pitch roofs, membrane roofing offers a watertight covering in a wide range of materials. Options include neoprene, EPDM rubber, PVC plastic, chlorinated polyethylene and polysulfonated polyethylene sheets, and TPO thermo-polyolefin.
Metal roofs are a durable option that withstand high winds and intense sunlight. They’re also fireproof and resistant to rot and insect damage. Some metal roofs are made to look like shingles or shakes, and they can increase your home’s resale value.
Wood shingles and shakes provide a natural, rugged look for cottages, Craftsman, and Tudor-style homes. They start sandy brown and turn silver as they age and are a great choice for dry climates. However, they’re susceptible to water damage and must be treated frequently. However, some modern wood options are more resistant to rot and insects. Some even repel termites.
Roofing materials are carefully placed during installation to create a weatherproof building covering. Professional roofing contractors have the knowledge, skills, and equipment to install various roofing materials quickly and efficiently.
During installation, contractors must prepare the roof deck for the new roofing material. This includes repairing any areas that are damaged or rotted. Once the repair is complete, the underlayment can be put in place. It is typically nailed every four to six inches along its edge and eight to ten inches around the rest of the underlayment. The shingles are then installed. Some manufacturers require a specific nailing pattern to secure the shingles properly.
The valleys of the roof are waterproofed using underlayment and felt paper. These areas can experience a lot of water runoff, so it is important to protect them. Lastly, ridge and soffit vents are installed to allow air to flow through the roof. This prevents moisture buildup and keeps the home well-ventilated. Leak barrier protection is also placed at the bottom of each shingle.
Roof maintenance is an important step in ensuring the longevity of your home’s roofing. You should regularly inspect your roof for missing shingles, broken or damaged flashing, and areas where caulk has begun to peel. These are the regions where leaks commonly occur and are often easy to fix, especially when caught early.
Regularly cleaning your gutters and drains is also a good idea to ensure proper water flow away from the roof. This will keep debris from accumulating and damaging the soffit and fascia. It is particularly important to clean these areas after heavy storms and as each season approaches.
Other maintenance tasks that should be performed include trimming tree branches that hang over your roof and ensuring seals around any large accessories, such as skylights, vents, and chimneys, are in good condition. For example, if the caulk around a chimney needs to be replaced, removing the old caulk and applying a new one to prevent moisture from entering your home is fairly simple. It is also a good idea to regularly inspect the flashing of your chimney and vent pipes and replace them when necessary. In addition, it is important to check for moss and lichen growth, which can lead to the material decay of your shingle.
The type of vents you choose depends on your roofing materials, attic insulation, and roof line. For instance, gable vents are more effective for shingle roofs that can support the weight of the vent and allow for cross breezes in multiple directions. They are less effective for other roof types.
Another popular option is the whirlybird vent, invented in the early 1900s by Samuel Ewart. These vents feature aluminum blades inside an aluminum cowl that rotate with the help of wind. However, they require a constant wind flow and may need to be more efficient on days without wind.
A more costly alternative is the powered attic vent. These vents work much like a box fan, with electric-propelled fans that help pull stale attic air out of the home. However, they require an electrical hook-up and can be prone to failure due to frequent use.
An ice and water protector is an attic underlayment applied under the shingles to help defend your roof from ice dams and rain-driven moisture. It seals the attic and helps protect against leaks, keeping your attic warmer in the winter and drier in the summer and extending the lifespan of your roof and your home.
Whether it’s a modern home’s sleek lines or a historic home’s classic charm, roofing offers an artistic canvas. The roof can elevate a structure’s aesthetic as a prominent residential and commercial property feature. Regarding roofing, design is as much a priority as function.
Roofing professionals can help find the perfect aesthetic for any property by consulting with the client and exploring their options. It’s helpful to look for inspiration from the surroundings and identify which features stand out. For example, if trees and other natural landscapes surround the home, a more earthy color scheme can blend in and complement the surrounding environment. Conversely, a more contrasting shingle hue can create a dramatic, eye-catching statement if the house is a modern, contemporary home with bold colors and sleek shapes.
Other design elements like skylights, dormers, and chimneys also play a role in the overall aesthetic of a roofing system. These additions can provide character and charm and break up large roof surfaces, creating a well-designed exterior for the entire building. Additionally, roofing materials can be laid in various patterns, including herringbone, and staggered to add visual interest.
Aesthetics are important for roofing because they make a lasting impression on visitors and passersby. A beautiful roof conveys a sense of quality and attention to detail, an important message for homeowners and business owners alike. Furthermore, an attractive roof can increase the value of a building and encourage people to take pride in their property. It’s also a great way to attract potential customers and tenants.